Eight grader Kaylee Smith dribbles during a basketball camp in September. The girls basketball team hopes to defend its league title  when the new season begins in January.

Eight grader Kaylee Smith dribbles during a basketball camp in September. The girls basketball team hopes to defend its league title when the new season begins in January.

By Kylee Demauro
Cougar News Blog

     Cactus Canyons girls basketball team is the defending league champion and, as a new season begins, another title is the ultimate goal and expectation.
     Communication is a big part of the team. It helps athletes know their teammates have their backs and they don’t have to worry. It informs others on what to do and how to do certain things.
     “The communication helps by getting the team on the same page and informing others about the play and how things are supposed to go,” said seventh grader Kashmir Baillie. “If we didn’t have communication it would be a mess because no one would know what they are doing.”
     A portion of the girls are feeling pressure on how they do in tryouts, which will be Dec. 19-21. The seventh grade students are more frightened since it is their first time trying out.
     “There is always pressure in tryouts because you can get cut even if you made it the year before,” said eighth grader, Kaylee Smith. “I always worry that I won’t be what they want us to be but we/I try our best.”
     Coach Kimberly Grant has been preparing for the season by having open gym at least once a month. Open gym is when students go to the gym and play different basketball games and have competitions. Coach Grant has also been going to a coach’s clinic.
     “As far as preparing as a coach, I attended the Nike Coach’s Clinic this year and plan to implement some of the ideas I learned at the clinic,” explained Coach Grant.
     The team will have to work on multiple things, such as defense and making sure the opposing team works for every point. On offense, Grant will have players focus on taking care of the ball, and communication. Working together as a team is also very critical.
     “I think that our strengths are communicating with each other and letting our players know we have their backs,” said eighth grader Madonna Parker. “That way it’s more of a team effort and not just a one person effort.”
     The strengths of the team will be working together and getting to know each other, which will help others be more confident. Being stronger as a team will help the girls play better and build friendships.
     “The strengths of our team this year are hopefully going to be encouraging each other no matter what, to push our team forward, and to talk about the plays we run,“ said Smith. “When part of the team is on the bench, we should be cheering people on. Not saying ‘go here,’ ‘do this,’ ‘do that.’”


By Chloe Mayes
Cougar News Blog

     The book club, Raging Readers, is doing fun and new things. Raging Readers is a club where students read and talk about books with other students. The book club meets every other Tuesday and started on the 13th of September.
     One goal of the club is to have an impact on student reading. Adviser John Leal wants his students to take away a love for reading and sharing what they have read.
     “I expect my students to take away a passion for reading or sharing their experiences from reading,” said Leal.
     This is Leal’s second year of sponsoring the club, which he wanted to do because of his love for reading and sharing. He wants students to be able to read and enjoy reading as much as he does.
     Leal said, “I love to read and to share titles in hopes that maybe that person would experience what I did while reading.”
     The book club plans to to have different choices of books than what they did last year. They are also going places like the Renaissance Festival and will help put on the literacy fair in early 2017.
     In a normal book club meeting, students have a discussion about a book they are reading.
     “We talk about characters, plot, and themes about the novel and share how we felt when something happened, or while it was happening,” Leal said.

By Alissa Baker
Cougar News Blog

     You may have heard about this subject from your friends, the internet, or maybe you even have it yourself. Although there are many articles discussing teen depression, I feel like they are missing a few key features. I want to give people an insight into what depression feels like, what it is, and what it can do to an emotional teen.
     You know that feeling you get when you’re sad? Well, that’s what depression is, except you have it for a longer period of time. Many would describe it as a gloomy, mean, or frightening monster hanging on your back, or like a grey cloud always hanging over your head. The most disturbing and realistic description of it is it’s like you fall down this deep, dark hole, and a huge rock is crushing your leg. You try to yell out for help, only realising that nobody can hear you and you are probably going to die there alone without anyone ever noticing.
     When someone has depression, it is usually caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain, which may have been caused by genetics, early childhood trauma, or the brain’s biology. It is also documented that depression could be passed down by genetics. This mental disorder is not easily fixed; it has to slowly progress over time, and some people never escape it.
     Some states of depression only last a couple weeks, then it is all clear. Every now and then it can come back even harder than the first time. States of major depression, also known as manic depression, can be linked to anxiety, where you have stress and panic attacks. It is also linked to bipolar disorder, where the person can spend a period of time energetic and happy, but ending up burning themselves out and feeling majorly depressed afterwards with no signs of the sudden change. This can lead to abuse, self-harming, and suicide.
     Many people with depression try to make themselves feel better by going into the grey zone, which is a mental state where you can’t feel any emotions, including sadness, and happiness. It’s like if you walked up into your head and came back down but you forgot all you emotions.
     Depression mixed with an emotional teen can get very dire. Many adults may brush it off and say it’s just their hormones and that they should get over it because some people have it worse than them. But depression is a serious thing and negative comments they get from people on the subject can create a storm inside their heart. If they try to bottle the pain and rage up, they will soon explode.
     People may get depression mixed up with being “emo.” Although some may have depression, but others may just be trying to act “depressed” to get attention or show that they are different.
     If you have depression or someone you know of has depression, I recommend you or your friend talk to a therapist or doctor to help you find the best treatment. Having depression is nothing to be ashamed of and making the decision to get help can be the most difficult step in getting help.

Editor’s Note: This article is the opinion of the Cougar News Blog writer Alissa Baker. It is the fourth in a series of stories about serious issues such as depression, eating disorders, and women’s rights.

By Chloe Mayes
Cougar News Blog

     There has been a murder at Rundown Abbey. Follow along with the characters to find out who the killer is at the Cactus Canyon drama production.
     Students can come see Murder at Rundown Abbey at 7 p.m., Thursday, Dec. 8, Apache Junction High School Performing Arts Center. Tickets are only $1 and will be available at the door.
     The play, set in the 1920s, follow detective Sam Splayed as he goes undercover as a butler to solve a murder at the English estate owned by the Crumbledowns.
     Adviser Lisa Schroeder wants her student to enjoy the experience and develop a love for drama.
     “I want them to enjoy this process and it is my hope that they truly fall in love with the theater and want to explore more or similar opportunities in the future,” said Schroeder.
     The drama students have been working for about two and a half months to prepare.The student have many techniques that they use to practice. Some students like when they can practice with their fellow peers that are also in the play.
     “When I practice, I find I improve when I talk to someone with my lines,” said seventh grader Nevaeh Erlandson.
     Since CCJH has not had a play in about five years, the class had to come up with all the costumes and props. Although, thanks to some generous people, they were able to get donations for most of the things they needed. All the money that the play raises is going toward their next play that will be in the spring.
      “We had to obtain all aspects, such as costumes, props, set pieces, etc.,” said Schroeder. “We obtained these items from various resources such as teacher, parent, and community donations. We made many of our items from recycled materials such as old boxes, and fabrics.”
     Drama students said they are really grateful to get the opportunity to put on the show and said the experience has made the group like a family.
     “Drama has taught me that no matter who I am I can always act and be myself because family isn’t always blood,” said eighth grader Kaitlin Greathouse. “It’s the people in life who want you in theirs. The ones who accept you for who you are. The ones who would do anything to see you smile and who love you no matter what.”

Sigfrido Ibarra
Cougar New Blog

     USS Enterprise down.
     Fans of the TV series and Movie franchise of Star Trek will be thrilled to see the next installment in the Star Trek franchise. It has been three years since the last movie and now they have come up with their best film yet. It’s captivating and thrilling to watch Star Trek Beyond.
     The fantasy/science fiction film brings back all seven main characters from the TV show and from the movie instalments, including Chris Pine as James T. Kirk, captain of the USS Enterprise, Zachary Quinto as Spock, the ambassador and Capt. Kirk’s friend, and Karl Urban as Leonard McCoy, the doctor of the spaceship.
     Set three years into its five-year mission, the USS Enterprise arrives at a starbase called Yorktown to resupply, but soon after they’re sent on a rescue mission after an escape pod makes communication and claims that her ship has been attacked within a uncharted nebula. The rescue mission turns into an ambush and the Enterprise is torn apart by a giant swarm of small ships. Krall, the captain, quickly boards the Enterprise and orders his men to capture the crew.
     Captain Kirk orders everyone to aboned ship as the Enterprise enters the planet’s atmosphere but now he’s strand with only a few of his crew, but one thing is certain he will fight for his crew’s freedom.
     This movie is definitely worth watching because everything about it was great. The actors, the story, the action scenes, and especially the special effects were outstanding. While the film attempts some humor, some of the joke work and some don’t.
     The actors did a great job playing their character and showing their emotions and it was amazing how they struggle and keep on fighting. The special effect were the best part of the movie, seeing the explosion and the swarm of ships is what made the movie pass my expectations.
     Even though this movie is PG-13 it’s okay for most types of audience, but maybe not couples and little kids. It has some inappropriate words, but that’s about it. I give this movie 4.5 out of 5 stars and I really recommend it.
      Star Trek Beyond was released Nov. 1 and is available now.

By Angelica Jimenez
Cougar News Blog

      I have lost three of my friends this year to suicide.
      My friends were always happy from my point of view they were always smiling they were outgoing they were alway smiling and laughing and making everyone happy but I had not idea what was going on with them. It breaks my heart because I didn’t notice they were upset about anything. I just wish they hadn’t have taken their lives like they did, but know I know they are in a better place.
     Suicide is the third-leading cause of death among young people, resulting in about 4,400 deaths per year, according to the CDC. For every suicide among young people, there are at least 100 suicide attempts. Over 14 percent of high school students have considered suicide, and almost 7 percent have attempted it.
      The reasons teens commit suicide is because they are bullied or they are struggling with school or changes in their lives. People should know that words do hurt and can have serious unintended consequences.
     Kids shouldn’t bully in general; it’s rude, it’s not nice, it is life threatening to many people that actually get hurt from it. Teens commit suicide because they feel like they aren’t loved by anyone and they think they have no one to talk to about their problems. It’s not funny to bully and pick on other student – it is a serious matter.
     I wish nobody had to go through this pain, but if you have thoughts of suicide, please reach out to a school counselor, teacher, parent, or a friend. You can also call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-8255 for help.

Editor’s Note: This article is the opinion of the Cougar News Blog writer Angelica Jimenez. It is the fourth in a series of stories about serious issues such as depression, eating disorders, and women’s rights.

By Bronte Pappas
Cougar News Blog

     What is an eating disorder? An eating disorder is an array of different types of abnormal eating habits. It is a mental and physical disorder that affects many people’s lives.
     Eating disorders are health issues that can cause people to either lose a lot of weight, or gain too much weight. There are many different types of eating disorders, and many people imagine a person who has one to be very skinny and not eat, however there are three commonly seen types of eating disorders that can affect anybody.
     The three major types of eating disorders are bulimia, anorexia, and binge-eating disorder. Bulimia is typically when someone will eat a large amount of food or binge and then force themselves to vomit. Anorexia is a disorder in which a person chooses to not eat most commonly in fear of getting fat or wishing to be skinny. Binge-eating disorder is when someone eats a lot of food in a short period of time. However, eating disorders are more of a psychological disorder.
     “Quite often eating disorders have a lot more to do with control than being ‘skinny,’ said Meaghan Davis, dean of students. “People who feel they do not have control over other aspects of their lives, unfortunately, try to control their eating to compensate for their feelings of helplessness.”
     Many people deal with eating disorders every day. In the United States, 20 million women and 10 million men have an eating disorder of some kind. Eating disorders can be life threatening and destroy people’s lives some even as young as 13.
     “My eating disorder started when I got old enough to eat regular food,” said an eighth-grade student who struggles with an eating disorder. “When I was about 5 or 6 my mom realized that I was eating more than I had to. I would tell my mom I was full but I would want more food. I couldn’t stop eating.”
     Often people’s eating disorder ends up affecting them in other ways, too.
     “I had been bullied for being skinny my whole life so I would also eat more than I had to. I have a high metabolism so I don’t gain much weight from what I eat so it was hard,” the same eighth grader said.
     These are disorders that take control of people’s lives, it is something that affects people physically and mentally, causing them to struggle with their everyday lives, and there are some people who do not understand that this is a disorder.      Bullying about weight can cause a person to develop an eating disorder. It is not something you are just able to move on from, it is much harder than people see. We need to be respectful of people that have these problems.

Editor’s Note: This article is the opinion of the Cougar News Blog writer Bronte Pappas. It is the third in a series of stories about serious issues such as depression, eating disorders, and women’s rights.

     I find it most preposterous that it’s 2016 and yet we’re still having arguments about whether someone should have their human rights or not.
     I could go on for ages about how this could be a step backward for all oppressed groups, but this opinion piece is going to zero in on the women of the world. Women as we know make up 49.6 percent of the human population, and yet in some people’s eyes we’re seen as the lesser sex. A hundred years ago, we were treated more like property rather than human beings. In some places, we had a curfew, and if we were molested, our offender just had to pay our father some silver and then marry us. We have been perceived as sexual objects for as long as we can remember, especially now in our modern culture and media. Not to mention some of Donald Trump’s alarming statements about women that he simply dismissed as “locker room talk.”
     If there’s anything I like most about my generation, it’s the many barriers that we’re breaking. We’re working to normalise the LGBTQ+ community, and gender norms are slowly being left behind. However, the ideology of gender norms and gender stereotypes is still an ongoing thing, even if it’s been diluted. Parents who believe in gender conformity are enforcing gender norms on their children from a young age. Young boys are expected to play outside and with toy trucks, while girls are taught to be pretty and play with dolls or other pink sparkly objects.
     When I was younger, gender norms weren’t really forced on me at all. I played in the mud and dirt with my brother, and I loved the thrill of running around outside and getting scraped up when I took a fall on my wobbly toddler legs. I was a tomboy kid, with minimal pressure to “act like a lady.” I’m not too different today, though I do still find some enjoyment in “feminine” things like fruity soaps and lotion.
     One of my biggest pet peeves yet is the over-sexualization of women in the media, especially in advertising. Countless times I’ve seen commercials where a woman is displayed almost more as a decoration than a human being capable of independent thought and actions for the sake of selling a product. And women are viewed sexually in society in general; many a day a woman will be walking down the street minding her own business, when she gets cat-called by someone on the side of the road, and it’s often a rather suggestive comment that makes her uncomfortable. Then there’s the victim-blaming. If a woman is assaulted, people will often ask what she was wearing when it happened. Some will even say that she was “asking for it.” I yearn for the day that women are seen as human beings rather than objects that are there to please others. As a modern society, we’ve made progress, but we’re not there yet.
     Women do make up almost half of the human population, so there shouldn’t be any reason that we shouldn’t have our human rights. After all, we’re humans too. And I’m talking about all women. Women of color, women in the LGBTQ+ community, and women of all faiths. Because in the end, it doesn’t matter who or what we are, male or female, because all that matters is that we’re here to do good for the world.

Editor’s Note: This article is the opinion of the Cougar News Blog writer Savannah Barr. It is the second in a series of stories about serious issues such as depression, eating disorders, and women’s rights.

By Skyler Wolfe
Cougar News Blog

     Statistics show that 5-9 percent of teens identify as gay, lesbian, or uncertain. Seventy-eight percent of these students are teased or bullied about being gay. While teens have become more open-minded, bullying about students’ sexuality is still a problem.
     There are people at CCJH that identify as gay, lesbian, bisexual, pansexual, etc. who are or have been bullied and are scared to talk openly about their sexuality. Teens become isolated and face a large amount harassment and violence. An eighth grade student who identifies as lesbian, talked about her experience about dealing with her sexuality.
     “I tried dating the other gender but I could not go through with it because it did not feel right. People who identify as a different sexuality or a different gender should be treated the same ,” she said. “Because we are all the same we do the same things the only thing that is different is that we identify differently.”
     Students have long been being treated differently for their sexuality. This problem may be caused because the person who is victimising them may be because they do not understand why the person is like that and cannot change their sexuality. Bullying and harassment has become such a big problem in students’ mental health that it can cause anxiety, depression, relationship problems, low self-esteem, substance abuse, and suicidal thoughts.
     “As many as 93 percent of students hear derogatory words about sexual orientation at least once in awhile, with more than half of teens surveyed hearing such words every day at school and in the community,” said Jane Riese in her article “Youth Who Are Bullied Based upon Perceptions
About Their Sexual Orientation.”
     Twenty-two percent of students skip school for safety concerns and are three times more likely to drop out of school. Teens bullied about their sexual orientation are three times more likely to commit suicide and 30 percent are having suicidal thoughts. In 2003, a study was done and showed that 12 percent of gay students 12-18-years-old have had hate related words toward them, 1 percent of those words have been about their sexuality.
     A study done in the 1970 concluded that being gay was no longer considered a disorder and that one’s sexuality is not a choice and cannot be changed. Even though this study was done, being gay was still looked down upon. Even though this generation has become more understanding and gay people have more privileges, OK okay to make fun of me for it, I just let it go. It’s my life not theirs, they can’t tell me what’s right and wrong with me,” said another eighth grader who identifies as bisexual.
     Someone’s sexuality does not determine who they are as a person. Teens are struggling to deal with their sexuality and they are being bullied and harassed in school and their community, which are places they should feel safe. Students who are gay are struggling in their everyday lives and should not be judged on their personal preference, especially since they are so young. Teens being bullied about their sexual orientation is more of a problem than it should be.

Editor’s Note: This article is the opinion of the Cougar News Blog writer Skyler Wolfe. It is the first in a series of stories about serious issues such as depression, eating disorders, and women’s rights.

By Zachary Grattan
Cougar News Blog

     Doctor Strange is an action film, science fiction film, superhero movie, adventure film, and fantasy film which received a 90 percent on Rotten Tomatoes. The main character Dr. Stephen Strange, is played by actor Benedict Cumberbatch who has been in many movies like Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug, 12 Years As a Slave, and Star Trek Into Darkness. Other stars include Tilda Swinton as the Ancient One, Chiwetel Ejiofor as Baron Mordo, and Mads Mikkelsen as Kaecilius.
     Doctor Strange starts with a fight scene between two powerful beings that hits the viewer in the face with the twisting building and magical weapons that leaves them breathless. Strange’s story is about an extremely talented and rich doctor that winds up in a car accident that sends him almost flying through the rain, damaging his hands permanently. The injury ends his career as a brain surgeon and he spends all of his money on experimental procedures to restore his hands.
     After hearing about a man that was completely paralyzed who miraculously made a full recovery, he starts asking questions. This leads him to Kamar-Taj, a magical sanctuary for sorcery and ends up in the middle of a magical war against evil.
     The actors are perfect for their roles, the story is extremely intriguing, and it’s definitely different from other Marvel superhero movies. Mostly because it presents a sorcerer as a superhero.
     What I mostly liked is that the movie was almost completely unpredictable with a lot of twist and turns that kept me watching. It also does not fail to show the viewer the perspective, personality, and emotions of the characters, especially Doctor Strange.
     This movie is appropriate for most ages, but I wouldn’t recommend it for small children. There are some short graphic scenes like a beheading and multiple deaths. For those reasons the movie is rated PG-13. I personally recomend this movie and rate it a 4.5 out of 5 stars.